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Types of bees: drones, workers and queen bee
Types of bees: drones, workers and queen bee

How many bees are in a hive? On average, approximately 50000 bees live in a hive. This number varies depending on many factors, such as the geographical location, flowering of the area, care, experience of the queen, etc. In the best of cases, a healthy and well-maintained beehive can have between 80000 and 100000 bees. But we can ask ourselves, in this numerous mass, restless, alive, which we call swarm, what types or classes of bees inhabit? Here, we discuss the three main types of beings that live in the hive:

The drone is, so to speak, the father of all the bees in the hive. As we will see, it dies when fertilizing the mother, the queen bee. It is estimated that in a healthy hive, there should be around 200 drones, not many more nor much less, we will see why.

The drones do not work for the hive, because they lack tools for it. The reason is a mere biological issue, since its purpose is the fecundation of the queen and continuity of the species. At one time, he has to offer the bee queen millions of fertilizing elements, so the drones must be strong and energetic beings. It is estimated that, each day, each drone eats the daily production of six bees.

When autumn arrives (on the month of October) and the queen has already been fertilized, they are no longer necessary and her life is extinguished. That is why the life of the drones is reduced to the summer period and they never see winter. But what would happen if the fall arrives, its disappearance is delayed and the provisions of accumulated honey are scarce? At that moment the town rushes against them and, the drones that manage to flee by the piquera (the door of the hive), die of cold or hunger. In this way, the honey reserves are maintained during the winter, the queen will have food, and the following spring will give birth to another batch of drones and queens that continue with the activity of the hive.

The queen bee is the mother of the whole town. Like the drones, it lacks organs for work. Its objective is exclusively to reproduce and direct the hive to produce honey necessary to survive. There is only one queen bee per hive, its life becomes incompatible with another queen.

His life is longer than that of drones or workers, two or three years of useful life, and even four or five in some cases. He only uses the wings to go in search of the drone that fecundates it, and in the extreme case, to move with the whole village to a new home. Once fertilized, the rate of egg laying is impressive: two or three thousand per day. Its behavior is unique in the species, since it knows when it must put one of male or one of female.

The queen bee does not produce honey or wax, and only receives the aroma of the flowers through its special food manufactured by the workers, called real papilla. As we see in the photo, the size of the queen bee is greater than the rest.

The worker bee is the base of the hive. They are responsible for going out every day to pollinate the flowers and collect nectar, storing the cargo in its honeycomb to transport it. It is estimated that for each trip he makes, a worker bee transports half a milligram of honey.

The worker bees carry out a multitude of activities: they collect and transport pollen and nectar to produce honey, they make the real porridge that serves as food for the queen bee, they clean the hive, they make the wax combs and besides the workers they are also warriors, since they defend the house against invaders and different dangers.

One of its main virtues is the speed with which they realize the lack of queen and which are the queen cells to feed the larvae with real porridge. The larvae of these real cells are like any other larva, it is this real pap that marks the difference between the birth of a queen bee or a worker. Its period of life is approximately 50 days in summer
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